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西藏拉萨旅游博客 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com Tibet Lhasa Tour Wed, 09 Jan 2008 15:30:42 +0000 http://wordpress.org/?v=2.2.3 en 纳木措(01) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/namtso-lake-2-87/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/namtso-lake-2-87/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 15:50:08 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/namtso-lake-87/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
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巴松错旅游景区(1) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/basum-lake-travel-scenic-2-132/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/basum-lake-travel-scenic-2-132/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 15:18:16 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/basum-lake-travel-scenic-132/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
巴松错旅游景区离拉萨三百多公里的林芝地区,被称为“最美丽的湖泊”巴松错湖,是西藏新兴旅游区。   巴松错又名错高湖,位于拉萨到林芝的三一八国道(川藏公路)左侧约四十公里处... ]]>
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巴松错旅游景区离拉萨三百多公里的林芝地区,被称为“最美丽的湖泊”巴松错湖,是西藏新兴旅游区。

  巴松错又名错高湖,位于拉萨到林芝的三一八国道(川藏公路)左侧约四十公里处,仅半小时就可抵达,是国家森林公园。

  巴松错湖海拔高三千五百公尺左右,湖水面积二十六平方公里,平均水深六十多公尺。湖中间有一个面积两千多平方公尺的湖心岛,上有宁玛派(红教)古庙“错松寺”;每年藏历一月十五和四月十五日,有众多红教信徒兼程前往朝圣。

   走进错松寺,迎面有男性和女性的生殖器雕像,这座建于一千五百年前的古寺,是藏民生殖崇拜的象征。庙内供奉莲花生大师、释迦牟尼佛、四首观音、工布女神等四尊佛像。庙内壁画十分艳丽生动,出于高级画师之手。

  湖心岛有三个神话传说,“桃抱松”,相传是西藏格萨尔王在此地降服鱼妖遗留的遗迹;“青棡树”,传说若有佛缘,树上掉下来的叶子后面,将会出现藏传佛教“六字真言”;“虎爪印”,藏人相信这是释迦牟尼佛送来错松寺主供佛头,自南迦瓦峰一跃而下留下的脚印。

  湖心岛还有一座神秘的“水葬台”,是巴松错的心脏,在过去这里是水葬的地方;一旁的大石是切碎尸体的平台,旁边的石槽则是粉碎头盖骨等不易切碎的骨骼。根据当地人说法,尸体不被鱼全部吃掉,轮回转世后,身体将不健全。而在水葬台旁两公尺处,挂满经幡,任何人在这里献上“哈达”,“哈达”都会深沉湖底。藏人说,那是神灵接受献礼。

  巴松错湖水碧绿,冬不结冰,湖面上常有成群的野鸭、黑颈鹤悠游其间。湖旁植物极丰富,奇花异木,令人眼花撩乱。随着山势起伏和高度的变化,植物分布差异分明,有一年四季不化的雪峰、常绿的青松翠柏,夏季湖周围山间长出野蘑菇、黑木耳、猴头菇等;漫山遍野的花朵,与湖水相映成趣,人在其中,如置身世外桃源。目前湖区已建成旅游度假村,每人每晚收费两百元人民币;搭船游湖,每二十分钟一百元。

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楚布寺(1) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/tsupu-monastery-2-46/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/tsupu-monastery-2-46/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 15:09:08 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/tsupu-monastery-46/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
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拉萨图片之楚布寺

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拉萨布达拉宫(1) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/the-potala-palace-5-51/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/the-potala-palace-5-51/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 15:05:08 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/the-potala-palace-51/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
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拉萨旅游之布达拉宫图片金顶

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拉萨罗布林卡(1) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/pictures-2-23/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/pictures-2-23/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 14:55:08 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/lhasa/pictures-23/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
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拉萨图片之罗布林卡

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雅鲁藏布大峡谷(01) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/yarlung-tsangpo-canyon-3-187/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/yarlung-tsangpo-canyon-3-187/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 14:53:16 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/yarlung-tsangpo-canyon-187/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
  雅鲁藏布大峡谷是举世闻名的世界第一大峡谷,原称“雅鲁藏布大拐弯”,是雅鲁藏布江在东喜马拉雅山最高峰南迦巴瓦峰脚下突然形成的一个奇特的马蹄形大拐弯。   一条向南的通道... ]]>
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  雅鲁藏布大峡谷是举世闻名的世界第一大峡谷,原称“雅鲁藏布大拐弯”,是雅鲁藏布江在东喜马拉雅山最高峰南迦巴瓦峰脚下突然形成的一个奇特的马蹄形大拐弯。

  一条向南的通道将雅鲁藏布江水沿东喜马拉雅东南坡面急泻而下注入印度洋,成为青藏高原最主要的水汽通道。受这个水汽大通道北上的印度洋暖湿气流的强烈影响,大峡谷地区发育着中国仅有的以热带为基带,经山地亚热带、山地温带直到高山寒带的特殊山地立体气候带类型和植被分布类型。在水平距离几十公里内,可以看到类似从中国海南岛到北极的全部自然景观。

  目前,保护区共发现有高等植物三千七百六十八种,苔藓植物五百一十二种,大型真菌六百八十六种,锈菌二百零九种;哺乳动物六十三种,鸟类二百三十二种,爬行类动物二十五种,两栖类动物十九种,昆虫两千多种。该地区特有动物种类有:长尾叶猴、孟加拉虎、羚牛、赤斑羚、大眼睛王蛇、犀鸟、太阳鸟、虹雉类以及活化石昆虫墨脱缺翅虫等。特有珍贵植物有树蕨、墨脱兰、墨脱楠、油瓜、粗榧、喜马拉雅红豆杉、穗花杉、罗汉松、墨脱冷杉、墨脱红景天、野牡丹、西藏牡竹、苹果榕、棕榈、杜英、使君子、野批把、墨脱杜鹃等。雅鲁藏布大峡谷是世界上山地生物多样性最丰富的地区,被誉为“植被类型的天然博物馆”和“生物资源的基因库”。

  雅鲁藏布大峡谷自然保护区前身为墨脱自然保护区,主要保护山地森林生态系统和珍贵野生动植物以及大拐弯的部分地区。该保护区一九八六年七月经中国国务院批准为国家级自然保护区,当时总面积为六点二万公顷。一九九八年中国科学家首次徒步穿越雅鲁藏布大拐弯,同年全国地名标准化委员会向国务院提出将“雅鲁藏布大拐弯”命名明为“雅鲁藏布大峡谷”,一九九八年十月中国国务院批准“雅鲁藏布大峡谷”的命名。

  为完整保护雅鲁藏布大峡谷及周边自然生态环境和野生动植物,西藏自治区政府和中国国家林业局向国务院申请扩大保护区面积和为该保护区更名。二零零零年四月,中国国务院批准将墨脱国家级自然保护区扩界和更名为雅鲁藏布大峡谷国家级自然保护区,总面积九十六点二万公顷。

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雅鲁藏布江(1) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/yarlung-tsangpo-2-171/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/yarlung-tsangpo-2-171/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 14:53:16 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/yarlung-tsangpo-171/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
  雅鲁藏布江发源于喜马拉雅山北麓仲巴县境内的杰马央宗冰川。雅鲁藏布,古代藏文称“央恰布藏布”,意思是“从上部高坡流下来的水。”它从喜马拉雅山和冈底斯山脉之峡东进,在西... ]]>
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  雅鲁藏布江发源于喜马拉雅山北麓仲巴县境内的杰马央宗冰川。雅鲁藏布,古代藏文称“央恰布藏布”,意思是“从上部高坡流下来的水。”它从喜马拉雅山和冈底斯山脉之峡东进,在西藏米林县境内,东经95度附近急剧拐弯,横切喜马拉雅大山,转向南流,进印度,经孟加拉,最后注入印度洋的孟加拉湾。雅鲁藏布江随着青藏高原发生剧烈抬升的构造运动而由原来的西流的河流演变成内流湖,最后形成了一条2000多公里的巨型倒淌河。它有多雄藏布、年楚河、拉萨河、尼洋河、帕隆藏布五大支流。

  雅鲁藏布江在中国境内的河道长2057公里,居全国第5位,是中国水利、水能资源最丰富的河流之一;年平均流量为4425秒/立方米,年径流量为1359亿立方米,居全国第三位;天然水能蕴藏量1亿千瓦左右,约为中国水能总蕴藏量的1/6,仅次于长江,居全国第2位;单位面积的水能蕴藏量超过了长江,为全国之冠。流域面积240480平方公里,居全国第6位,流域平均海拔高度在4500米左右,是世界上海拔最高的河流。流域内约有人口87万,耕地面积230万亩,占西藏总人口和总耕地面积的一半左右;聚居着藏族、汉族、回族、门巴族、珞巴族、怒族、纳西族、蒙古族、维吾尔族、布依族、傣族、普米族等26个民族和僜人、夏尔巴人。

  雅鲁藏布江流域的气候有明显的水平差异,沿江上溯,气温逐渐降低,降水量越来越少,自然景观截然不同。

  雅鲁藏布江流域热能资源十分丰富。森格藏布至雅鲁藏布江有水热区1289处,除常见的温泉、热泉、沸泉、喷泉外,还有喷气孔、冒气地面、硫质气孔、沸泥泉、热水河、热水沼泽以及罕见的热水爆炸和间歇喷泉。

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林芝神湖-巴松措(1) http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/basum-lake-2-168/ http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/basum-lake-2-168/#comments Tue, 25 Sep 2007 14:51:16 +0000 丹增 http://blog.lhasa-tour.com/photos/nyingchi/basum-lake-168/ Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/hbkoko/lhasa-tour.com/blog/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 74
  世界屋脊上的原生态博物园   不同于西藏其他的神湖,林芝巴松措(又名措高湖,藏语意为“三岩三湖”)完全被郁郁葱葱的原始森林所包围。确实如它的名字般,巴松措是绿色的,是那... ]]>
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林芝神湖巴松措图片

  世界屋脊上的原生态博物园

  不同于西藏其他的神湖,林芝巴松措(又名措高湖,藏语意为“三岩三湖”)完全被郁郁葱葱的原始森林所包围。确实如它的名字般,巴松措是绿色的,是那种淡淡的玉石般没有杂质的绿色。湖水清澈得可以看见两三米下成群游动的鱼儿。四周青山如黛,顶峰是终年不化的积雪。湖边的雪山和湖面倒映的雪山彼此纠缠着,连绵不绝,很是壮观!最难得的是,现在还 走进五彩井冈 2007西藏圣地婚礼 航空旅行白皮书 黄金周出游全攻略 很少有人到这里,完全一副与世隔绝的模样。

  坐着游艇转湖

  到湖心的扎西岛可以坐手拉的“船”(一排用浮木做的筏子,摆渡人拉着一根横跨两岸的钢缆迎来送往)。扎西岛上经幡飞扬,玲珑的措宗工巴寺(意为湖中城堡)属藏传佛教中宁玛派(红教)寺庙,供奉莲花生大师,至今已有1500年历史了,光是寺中的传说就数之不尽。

  顺时针方向转岛,还可以看到格萨尔王战马留下的蹄印、挥剑于石头上留下的剑痕、桃抱松、以前的水葬台、树叶上有自然形成的藏文字母的“字母树”、莲花生洗脸的神泉……可谓步步有神奇。

  作为宁玛派著名的神湖,每年来巴松措转湖的人非常多,尤其是藏历四月十五日。虔诚的藏民们围湖转一圈一般需要两三天,如果你时间有限,又想偷偷懒,尽可以乘坐附近度假村的豪华游艇到湖对岸去转转。

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